Hospital de Basurto

Hospital de Basurto

Basurto Hospital

[ 1898 ]

Basurto is a neighborhood belonging to the Basurto-Zorrotza municipal district and is situated to the southeast on the left bank of the Estuary.

Basurto has geographically been a communications hub between Bilbao and its immediate surroundings: with the left bank of the Estuary and the Abra on one side, with the Encartaciones on the other, and also with the towns of Cantabria. In the first half of the XX century the first processes of urbanization took place in a neighborhood that had until then remained a rural setting with the exception of the San Mamés Convent (later the Casa de la Misericordia [House of Mercy]) and the shipyards and maritime installations on the banks of the Estuary. At the start of the XX century the Civil Hospital of Basurto was inaugurated. This was built on land located away from from the Expansion area and involved a new conception of hospital equipment, based on ventilation and sanitation, and a layout consisting of small isolated pavilions.

From 1943 onwards, with the drawing up of the Regional Plan, there was a growth in the concentration of infrastructures in the extreme northeast of Basurto, where railway, road and motorway infrastructures coincided.

The General Urban Development Plan of 1995 set out clear directives that were aimed at solving the problems deriving from that concentration of communication infrastructures. It undertook to cover over the railway cutting, thus placing the railway between Basurto and Ametzola underground, and to demolish the Sabino Arana viaduct in the second decade of the XXI century. The latter was one of the main access roads for traffic entering Bilbao, and the access route was moved to the Olabeaga area. Other interventions were also carried out, such as the consolidation of a technological university campus with the new School of Industrial and Mine Experts, the building of the new San Mamés Stadium (San Mamés Barria), and the development of the residential area of Garellano.


Juan Gondra Rezola


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